stella motorcycle training licences cbt header

Compulsory Basic Training (CBT)

Anyone who wants to ride a motorcycle or moped on the road needs to have successfully completed Compulsory Basic Training (CBT).

CBT is designed to provide a complete novice with the basic skills necessary to ride safely on our roads.  You will be required to reach a certain level of proficiency before we can issue you a DL196.

The course comprises 5 separate elements, each of which must be completed in order; you will not be able to move onto the next element until the previous one has been completed and the instructor is satisfied that you fully understand what you have been taught.

For your information, we will supply your helmet, gloves and jacket, at no extra charge. These are standard sizes only, such as small/medium/large/x-large for example, so sizes that may be required outside of that range, will need to be supplied by yourself.

If you would like to supply your own helmet, it must comply to these DVSA standards:

• British Standard BS 6658:1985 and carry the BSI Kitemark
• UNECE Regulation 22.05
• a European Economic Area member standard offering at least the same safety and protection as BS 6658:1985, and carry a mark equivalent to the BSI Kitemark

In addition, each student must provide for themselves the following:

• Boots that cover the ankle, preferably leather boots.
• Steel Toe Cap boots are NOT advisable.
• The minimum legwear is jeans WITHOUT any rips or holes in them.
• They MUST bring the plastic part of their driving licence

We also provide use of our scooter/motorcycle at no extra charge.

Important Note: Before attending your CBT Course, you must have studied and fully understood the Highway Code, as this is an essential part of gaining your CBT.


Overview of the 5 Elements:

Element A     

Introduction to CBT. This element comprises an eye test followed by a general introduction to the aims of the CBT course and a discussion about safety clothing and helmets.

Element B     

Learning the controls of a motorcycle. This comprises an overview of a motorcycle’s controls, guidance on basic safety checks and learning how to wheel a bike and use the stand correctly.

Element C     

Practical off-roading. This is the stage where you start to ride. You will be in a safe off-road environment and will learn the following:
  • Riding in a straight line
  • Stopping smoothly
  • Riding slowly
  • Changing gear
  • Making correct observations
  • Riding in a figure of eight
  • Carrying out U-turns
  • Executing left and right turns

Element D     

Road briefing and safety talk. This is a general classroom discussion about how to ride safely and be clearly seen by other road users. You will also be taught correct road positioning.

Element E     

Practical on-road riding. You will finally take to the road. In constant radio contact with your instructor, you will be expected to demonstrate all those skills learned in the previous elements. Riding on a variety of different roads you will be expected to show you can deal with all traffic conditions competently and safely. This element usually takes around 2 hours to complete.

The course can take 6 to 8 hours and is usually completed as a single day’s training.  Courses are run by Approved Training Bodies (ATB), such as ourselves.  An ATB needs to have at least one instructor who has passed the Driving and Vehicles Standards Agency (DVSA) and to be running their courses on a DVSA approved off-road training site.

Once all 5 elements have been successfully completed you will be issued with a Certificate of Completion, known as a DL196, and you will be able to ride on the road on a learner legal motorcycle.  You can also apply for the DVSA theory test and, if you pass that, go on to take the practical test.

There are age restrictions as to what type of motorcycle or moped you can ride once you have passed your CBT:

Aged 16* – max 50cc with L plates

Aged 17+* - max 125cc with L plates.

A DL196 has a lifespan of 2 years within which you are required to pass your theory and practical tests.  If you do not then you will be required to take the CBT again.

Stella Motorcycle Training
Friendly, patient & professional!